Date of Award

Fall 12-2014

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (EdD)



First Advisor

Dr. Paul Wright

Second Advisor

Dr. Graham Weir

Third Advisor

Dr. Alex


The current obesity rates of our nation’s youth continue to escalate at an alarming rate due to inactivity, poor nutrition, and lifestyle changes. The purpose of this research study was conducted to determine the effects of Missouri Senate Bill 291 on Missouri physical fitness scores as assessed by the Missouri Physical Fitness Assessment. The state of Missouri adopted new physical activity requirements starting in the 2010-2011 school year. This study evaluated the impact of Missouri Senate Bill 291 on fifth and ninth grade physical fitness assessments. Eleven years of statewide data, were examined to determine the impact of the physical activity mandate. Quantitative data analysis revealed a significant improvement for all four fitness assessments for grades 5 and 9 since the passage of Missouri Senate Bill 291. Grade 9 indicated a statistical significant change in the flexibility assessment. Results suggested that Missouri Senate Bill 291 has had a positive impact on statewide physical fitness assessments. Despite this positive improvement, overall fitness of Missouri fifth and ninth graders is still a major concern due to approximately three out of ten students failing the Missouri Physical Fitness Assessment. This study provided for the value of fitness data collection moving forward with improving youth health and wellness. Further research and recommendations are advised in order to study trends related to youth physical fitness. In conclusion, state education departments and school districts should consider the value of collecting and examining fitness scores to develop curriculum that promotes healthy lifestyles which can improve academic success.


Copyright 2014