Association Between Counselors' Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Preferences and Self-Reported Level of Directiveness in Counseling
Date of Award
Master of Art
Jesse B. Harris Jr.
This study examined if there is any relationship between a counselor's personality, as measured by the Myers-Briggs Type indicator (MBTI), and the counselor's self-reported overall level of directiveness in counseling. A random sample of one-third of all of the Licensed Professional Counselors in the state of Missouri (N = 440) were mailed a 2 packet containing the MBTI Form G, a demographic form, and a Likert-type scale to indicate overall level of directiveness in counseling. For the 226 counselors who responded (51.4%), it was found that there was no relationship between level of directiveness and gender, years in practice, Extraversion/Introversion preference, or Judging/Perceiving preference. Statistically significant (alpha= .05) but weak relationships were found between directiveness and Sensing/iNtuition preference, Thinking/Feeling preference, and cognitive style (ST, SF, NT, and NF). Ss and Ts tended to be more directive. A slightly stronger relationship was found between directiveness and theoretical orientation. Post-hoc analyses of variances revealed that ISTJs and ENTJs were significantly more directive than INFPs; and that counselors whose theoretical orientations were Humanistic and Psychoanalytic/Object Relations were significantly less directive than counselors whose orientations were Adlerian, REBT, Cognitive, Cognitive/Behavioral, Reality Therapy, and Family Systems. Results indicated that the 16 types are discrete entities, rather than mere combinations of the 4 preferences. Overall, directiveness was more strongly associated with theoretical orientation than with type. Implications for multicultural counseling and counselor education are discussed.
Tayon, Willian Frank, "Association Between Counselors' Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Preferences and Self-Reported Level of Directiveness in Counseling" (1996). Theses. 313.
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