Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts

First Advisor

Pamela Nickels

Second Advisor

Jessie B. Harris

Third Advisor

Terry Varney Freerks


This research tests for independence between the symptomatology of chemical dependency and trauma in two self referred outpatient samples of women. Subjects are 18 years or older, and samples of convenience from the St. Louis metropolitan area. Five symptom clusters common to both groups are identified from the literature: avoidance and intrusion, depression, dissociation , anxiety , and chemical dependency. A series of correlational studies were performed on the results of five corresponding self report inventories to test for independence . Of the five symptom clusters tested, one statistically significant relationship was found for symptomatology consistent with chemical dependency . In conclusion, it appears that the two symptom groups are not independent for symptomatology of chemical dependency, but may share a parallel symptoms rather than being related for other symptomatology.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License