Comparison of Calf Only External Pneumatic Compression and Compression Socks on Performance Characteristics in Counter Movement Jump

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Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology Journal



To identify the recovery effect of calf only external pneumatic compression (EPC) compared to a commercially available compression sock (CS) on markers of jump performance following a muscle damaging protocol.


19 healthy active male participants (23.5 ± 3.2 yr, 181.3 ± 9.1 cm, 88.1 ± 10.1 kg) completed four testing sessions (pre, post, 24 hr, 48 hr) consisting of: visual analog scales (VAS) to assess perceived soreness and fatigue, three counter movement jumps (CMJ) and three squat jumps (SJ) via force plates (Hawkin Dynamics). After participants finished pre assessments they completed 100 drop jumps (0.6 m) followed by a randomized 30 min single treatment session of either EPC (110 mmHg) n=9 or CS (20–30 mmHg) n=10.


No differences were found between groups for body composition (18.7 ± 2.8 % Body Fat, 61.8 ± 8.8 kg Fat Free Mass, 14.7 ± 2.8 kg Fat Mass). VAS soreness linearly increased regardless of group (p


It appears that the drop jump protocol was successful at eliciting muscle soreness and fatigue in our participants. Additionally, these aforementioned variables seemed to effect participants in the CS group because they were unable to maintain braking force and peak braking RFD, and took longer to complete the braking phase. These results were not seen in the EPC group as they were able to maintain consistent performance in these measures. Therefore, it appears a single 30 min calf only EPC treatment may help maintain consistent breaking force and braking RFD within a CMJ when following strenuous or damaging exercise bouts.


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