Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Art

First Advisor

Marilyn Patterson

Second Advisor

Anita Sankar

Third Advisor

Robert Bertolino


Perceived social support can be defined as the perception of an individ1tal to feel emotional support and involvement from other people. Research indicates that social support is an important factor in physical as well as mental health. Because of today's pluralistic society, it is necessary for counselors to have an understanding of the differences between cultures, or races. There are many differences in the values of individuals from varying cultures. This study focuses on determining the differences in familial and non-familial perceived social support between subjects who are White, African-American, Asian, and Hispanic. Volunteers from St. Louis Community College and Lindenwood University were recruited to complete the Scales of Perceived Social Support as developed by MacDonald (1998). T-tests indicated that significant differences between Black and White participants existed in perceived family support and that significant differences between White and Hispanic participants existed in non-familial support. The resulting information can become an asset for counselors who work with multi-cultural clients.

Included in

Counseling Commons