Missouri Policy Journal


This article focuses primarily on the interrelated economic development project of the St. Louis Cardinals’ new Busch Stadium (2006) and Ballpark Village (2014). While the new Busch Stadium officially opened on April 10, 2006, and Ballpark Village officially opened on March 27, 2014, nearly eight years later, since the opening of Ballpark Village only included the completion of Phase 1, this interrelated development is actually ongoing and yet to reach fully planned and promised project completion. While originally proposed and envisioned as one simultaneous but layered project, the building and realization of the two entities eventually became two separate but interrelated projects, resulting in public financing of both. Through this evolution, the overall economic development project changed dramatically, including key actors, funding, design, and goals. This research examines both the individual and combined economic impact, both tangible and intangible, of the two entities, including in regard to sustainability.