The Neighborhood Behavior of School Children in Relation to Age and Socioeconomic Status
American Sociological Review
"In an earlier study, in which the neighboring behavior, or interpersonal relations on a neighborhood basis, of married women in an industrialized urban community were analyzed, it was found that the presence of children was in some way associated with the practice of neighborhood folkways among adult women. Children themselves have been called the universal neighbors. Margaret Mead reports that in Samoa children are allowed to neighbor even though such propinquity contacts are frowned upon in adults. A similar pattern appears in other cultures. Thus, the little children among the Zunii "run in and out of neighbors' houses," but as they grow older they are no longer permitted this freedom. The Iroquois allowed boys of eight to eleven great freedom of gang association. The Bathonga of South Africa display a similar attitude."
Bernard, Jessie, "The Neighborhood Behavior of School Children in Relation to Age and Socioeconomic Status" (1939). Faculty Scholarship. 397.