An Automated Estimator of Image Visual Realism Based on Human Cognition
2014 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
Assessing the visual realism of images is increasingly becoming an essential aspect of fields ranging from computer graphics (CG) rendering to photo manipulation. In this paper we systematically evaluate factors underlying human perception of visual realism and use that information to create an automated assessment of visual realism. We make the following unique contributions. First, we established a benchmark dataset of images with empirically determined visual realism scores. Second, we identified attributes potentially related to image realism, and used correlational techniques to determine that realism was most related to image naturalness, familiarity, aesthetics, and semantics. Third, we created an attributes-motivated, automated computational model that estimated image visual realism quantitatively. Using human assessment as a benchmark, the model was below human performance, but outperformed other state-of-the-art algorithms.
Fan, Shaojing; Ng, Tian Tsong; Herberg, Jonathan S.; Koenig, Bryan L.; Tan, Cheston Y.C.; and Wang, Rangding, "An Automated Estimator of Image Visual Realism Based on Human Cognition" (2014). Faculty Scholarship. 191.