Female Entrepreneurship and IQ
The Wiley Handbook of Entrepreneurship
Based on previous work which has found that human capital development is a key factor, and work that has shown nation-level IQ to be a robust predictor of entrepreneurial activity, the author tests whether IQ, all else the same, helps predict female entrepreneurship, measured using the Female Entrepreneurship Index developed in 2015 by Siri Terjesen and Ainsley Lloyd. Based on a sample of 77 countries, the statistical results indicate that IQ is a statistically and economically significant predictor of female entrepreneurship. This suggests that to improve female entrepreneurial activity, policymakers, especially in developing countries, may find it productive to engage in policies that increase their cognitive skills, such as increasing basic education and improving health care.
Hafer, Rik W., "Female Entrepreneurship and IQ" (2017). Faculty Scholarship. 127.