Date of Award

Summer 7-2011

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (EdD)



First Advisor

Dr. Lynda Leavitt

Second Advisor

Dr. Sherrie Wisdom

Third Advisor

Dr. Duane Baker


This research study explored written plans for effective technology integration. The research study included a normative and comparative analysis of school technology plans using a researcher-developed, evaluation tool named Information Communication Technology (ICT) ICT180. The sample of 30 included Missouri public school districts that had plans reviewed and approved by the Department of Elementary and Secondary Education (DESE) in June of 2009. ICT180 was an evaluation tool, which was used to critically review the objectives, strategies, and action steps in the school district technology plans. The tool provided an in-depth assessment of the five Technology Focus Areas of the Missouri public school district technology plan. The Universal Service Company (USAC) Schools and Libraries Division distributed hundreds of millions of dollars to fund the development of U.S. school districts‘ technology plans; yet, there were no national or state standards specifically for technology plans. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the quality of technology plans throughout the state of Missouri using the ICT180 evaluation tool. Due to the social and economic differences in various communities that schools served, technology plans were organized in the categories of city, suburban, town, and rural. The study results concluded technology plans are in need of significant improvement in technology integration. The mean technology plan was 0.7666, the lowest subgroup of town had an average of 0.5174 and the subgroup of suburban had the highest mean of 1.3. The ICT180 normalization process identified the strategies to overcome the barriers to technology integration were slightly evident in the technology plans examined.


Copyright 2011