Date of Award

Spring 4-2018

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Education (EdD)

Department

Education

First Advisor

Dr. Robyne Elder

Second Advisor

Dr. Jim Walter

Third Advisor

Dr. Kevin Winslow

Abstract

After passing the Zero Tolerance policies in 1994, schools began to have a substantial increase in the number of suspensions especially among African Americans and students of color. The researcher wanted to explore alternative methods to traditional discipline to ascertain if it would decrease the number of suspensions in African American boys. The purpose of this mixed-methods study on restorative practices is to evaluate the effectiveness of alternative discipline methods such as Restorative Practices and Mindful Activities in Midwestern urban inner city elementary school of African American male students, in third grade. There has been a true void in addressing the substantial amount of suspensions in African American boys. This mixed method study included collecting secondary data from two different Midwestern urban elementary schools information system to compare the discipline in African American boys particularly in third grade, which is known as the grade level that is the school to prison pipeline, one school that applied alternative methods to discipline and another school that did not apply alternative methods of Restorative Practices and Mindful Activities instead of traditional discipline methods. In addition, interviews, surveys, and questionnaires were completed with the schools’ administrators, dean of students, school counselors and social workers. The participants overwhelmingly felt that the alternative methods of Restorative Practices and Mindful activities instead of traditional discipline methods decreased the number of suspensions in African American boys. However, the statistical data provided information that Restorative Practices and Mindful activities instead of traditional discipline methods did not decrease the number of African American third grade boys who were suspended. It was also determined; however, there was a significant difference iii between the suspensions of African American third grade boys and non-African American third grade boys. The data collected from this mixed method study can further assist what type alternative methods need to be employed to further decrease the number of suspension in students who are African American, in particular third grade African American boys, other than traditional methods.

Share

COinS