Document Type


Publication Title

Center for Economics and the Environment: Policy Series


In spite of political rhetoric condemning immigrants’ contributions to the United States, scholars have persistently demonstrated positive social and economic contributions of immigrants. Studies such as these pose important policy implications for Missouri. To what extent does immigration contribute to recent Missouri economic outcomes? How are immigrant workers distributed across Missouri? Are there positive economic outcomes associated only with immigration of high-skilled workers? My analysis shows that higher per capita personal income and higher employment in certain industrial sectors are not solely attributed to high-skill workers. The results here suggest that economic productivity in Missouri is attributed to having a mix of high and low-skilled workers, and not solely one or the other.

Publication Date



Adriano Udani is an Associate Professor in the Department of Political Science, University of Missouri – St. Louis. Funding for this study was provided by the Hammond Institute's Center for Economics and the Environment, Lindenwood University.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 4.0 International License.